(Image by Andrew Bossi, via Flickr.com)
The Occupy Wall Street movement is a scattered and diverse group. The protests rarely have unified demands in a given city, let alone across the country. However, in talking to the media, many Occupiers bring up one complaint again and again: student loan debt.
Student loan debt is quickly becoming a defining issue of a generation. The Project on Student Debt has collected some harrowing figures on the subject:
– 67 percent of all graduating seniors have some student debt.
– This jumps to 72 percent for private nonprofits and a whopping 96 percent for for-profit universities.
– The average debt level for the class of 2008 was over $23,000 — up 24 percent from $18,000 in 2004.
– The highest levels of debt were from for-profit universities, to the tune of $33,050, up 23 percent from 2004’s figure of $26,850.
– Perhaps most troubling is the fact that those with Pell Grants — a program designed to make higher education more accessible to low-income students — have nearly $2,000 more in average student debt than their counterparts.
Student loan debt is a serious financial problem and one that is on the grow. FinAid.org reports that the total amount of outstanding student debt currently exceeds all credit card debt in the United States today and is expected to exceed $1 trillion this year. Further, a College Board study found that over half of all students who attended a for-profit university had student debt levels of $30,000 or more, with about one in four students who attended private nonprofit universities having similar debt levels. By contrast, only 12 percent of all those who went to public universities had more than $30,000 in debt.
The increasing levels of college debt would be troubling enough. However, these are not the only problems that recent grads are facing. A 2011 New York Times article referring to 2009 found that 22 percent of recent college grads were not working at all, with another 22 percent working in fields that did not require college degrees. Humanities majors were particularly hard hit, with only 45 percent working in fields requiring a college degree. Among that 45 percent, the average annual income was $6,000 lower than the average for all college grads working in fields requiring a college degree.
It isn’t just student loan debt that’s on the rise — defaults are also on the rise. According to the U.S. Department of Education, student loan defaults increased to 8.8 percent in 2009 from 7.0 percent the year before. This was before the recession really hit its crest. Student loan debt is unlike all other forms of debt. Once a student gets student loan debt, they basically have two options: Pay it off or die with it. While it’s technically possible to discharge student loans in bankruptcy court, it is incredibly rare. Defaulting on student loans carries dire consequences. In addition to a damaged credit report card, those who default can have wages garnished and be denied future loans for education.
Fewer things are more radicalizing than shattered expectations. While cynicism regarding graduation is almost a cliché now, a college education has long since been touted as a means for upward economic and social mobility in the United States. One doesn’t have to be a hardcore class warrior to recognize that, regardless of intentions, recent college graduates have been sold a false bill of goods. While certain college majors such as health care, education and agriculture have low unemployment rates and others, such as engineering, economics and hard sciences have high immediate earnings, for the most part college graduates face a very bleak landscape indeed. Thus, it isn’t surprising that Americans, particularly young people have taken to the streets in protest. It becomes harder and harder to dream of a future better than the life their parents had. Further, as the number of Americans entering poverty continues to increase, there is very little recourse left other than taking to the streets.